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Fort Tanjong Katong Photo Gallery

The Process

Andy and Chen, site supervisors, breaking ground on 4th October, 2004.

Mei Feng and Shu doing core tests at the end of September, 2004.


Part 2 of coring: comparing the soil color to the Munsell chart, made easier with a spoon and a piece of tile.

Andy photo-documenting the first appearance of one of the bastion escarpments in mid October 2004.

Mr. Tan from Trimble discussing the site layout with Andy.

Who ever said hacking through clay was easy? Chen is at work trying to fix the hoe with a spare handle. Current count: 2 broken shovels, 3 broken hoes.

David, Eleanor, and Shu doing magnetometer tests near Siberia in early December 2004, thankful to be in the shade.

Andy and Noel using the water dumpy in mid-Dec 2004 to determine the depth of certain structures below the site datum.

The Ground-Breaking Ceremony - 24th October, 2004 - Pictures courtesy of Ung Ruey Loon

Picture taken of the archaeology team (plus extras) with the VIPs.

Andy expressing himself at FTK 1 and 2 for the volunteers.

Shu pulling out the 1885 proposed map for the volunteers, among which is Mdm Kang (one of the few consistent resident volunteers).

The first glimpse of the indemnity forms which we all had to fill out after the ceremony, every day.

Faizal and Margaret showing volunteers how to sieve and look for artifacts.

Several tools of the trade for excavation.

Chen and the British High Commissioner chatting about the bastion.

A familiar sight: Pamplets, buttons, and gloves for the volunteers.

The Excavation Pits and Other Sites

FTK 1&2, believed to be the one of the larger corners of the fort. This pit was also seen before at the groundbreaking picture with the site supervisors (above).

The bastion (includes FTK 5-22, 30, 33-36). There will be more closeups of this pit in the next picture section.

The moat trench (FTK 3-4, 23-25, 28-29). This picture is taken from the interior of the fort out into the moat, and shows the footing and jutting of the wall at the base of its construction.

FTK 26-27, a corner opposite to the drawbridge area.

FTK 31, 32, 38, 39 (codename "Siberia"). These structures are believed to be part of the drawbridge structure, and also one of the right corners of the fort.

FTK 37, 40, 41 (codename "Uzbekistan"). Believed to have been an ammunitions room near one of the gun emplacements, but alas nothing was found here but rubble and fill.

The shed, where we attempt to put everything neatly back at the end of the day.

An aerial photograph of the Tanjong Katong Park, which is located near Fort Road and Meyer Road.

The Bastion

The outline of the top of the bastion wall was visible where the grass didn't grow. It was this sight that alerted the local community to seek out the archaeology team for excavations.

After some digging, the boundaries of the bastion became clearer. Also exposed is the escarpment with glass embedded.

A close-up of the stepped windows, possibly from the earlier construction period of 1879 as these windows are too close to the escarpment to function very well.

One view of the lower rampart, showing the depth of the moat in reference to the windows and escarpment. The rampart slopes down and is embedded with glass.

Another view of the lower rampart, showing the rampart as well as the "step."

Andy discovers a rounded, glass-embedded structure that does not seem to be joined to the top of the bastion or the lower rampart. It is still unclear as to what the structure's purpose was, but it's position in situ suggests that it was placed there rather than toppled over.

The interior of the bastion once finished excavating at the end of November 2004. Also shown is a small drainage canal and a piece of footing that separates the bastion from the section with the canal.

More of the finished interior of the bastion; at the floor of the bastion, some metal artifacts can be seen still lying in situ.

Working Hard...

Dunman High students posing with the crew in November 2004.

Cedar High girls working with Mdm Kang in late October 2004.

ACJC students helping to dig out some of the collapsed wall in early November 2004.

Otokon placing yet another flower pot sherd into the sack. The black layer he is standing on is dubbed the "Flower Pot Graveyard."

Margaret taking a well-deserved breather after much shovelling.

A volunteer taking off the last remnants of dirt off a spoon artifact in the bastion.

David and Chen contemplating the next course of action.

Students smiling for the camera while proudly showing the artifacts from the sifter.

Eleanor and Jack cleaning up the remnants of the wall collapse at the south side of the bastion.

The crew on a bit of a break. Hey, isn't that Charlotte, the visiting Swedish archaeologist?

Mark proudly showing off the rampart he discovered on the south east side of the bastion.

Forced to wait out the rain, the Chinese High kids and Chen enjoy a moment before snacking on a generously donated bag of chips.

Chen emerges victorious at the Battle of the Root XVI during the excavation of the interior of the bastion.

Shu using a mini-hoe to dig out the inside of the window.

Tieh Min and another volunteer excavating the bastion exterior.

A drenched Andy peering over the flooded interior of the bastion, which doesn't seem to be draining.

Some of the Artifacts

Found in the 1950s-70s fill layer, a suspected army tag of sorts.

Found in the moat trench, a horseshoe.

Part of the brick collection displaying the variety of manufacturing brands.

A closeup of the metal and brick artifacts in situ at the floor of the bastion.

The Fundraiser (27th Nov. 2004) - Suntec Singapore International Convention & Exhibit Centre

The archaeological exhibit, complete with tools, a tripod sifter, some artifacts, some genuine fort sand, and a sign.

Some of the artifacts on display, highlighting the antiquated soda bottles as well as the 19th century ceramic artifacts in the basket to the right.

Coral from the moat trench, a tooth molar in the basket to the right, and below the basket is a large piece of flint (which is not native to Singapore).

A display of the various types of bricks from the site, as well as a small piece of barbed wire original to the fort.

Visitors taking a look at the panel displays.

Associate Professor John Miksic and Chen greeting MP for Marine Parade GRC Mr. Andy Gan and Senior Minister Mr. Goh Chok Tong

SM Goh taking a look at the artifacts on display.



Mother Nature at work...

One of the bigger deluges (but not the biggest one).

The rain and erosion caused the walls in the moat trench to cave in, and turns previously nicely excavated spot into a thick concoction of mud and sand. Yes, that is a shovel buried there.

More damage from Mother Nature's turbulent moods at the bastion pit (south wall).

Eric, Peter, Andy, and David having a go at the swings after too much sun...right?